The 68010 is a fully compatible drop-in replacement for the 68000, with a few extra features and slightly better performance.
In case you always wondered how much of a speed gain the 68010 would be over the 68000 here are the hard facts as given by classic Amiga benchmarking tool SysInfo:
|MC68000 at 7.09 Mhz: 528 Dhrystones|
|MC68010 at 7.09 MHz: 547 Dhrystones|
Tested on Amiga 500 rev. 6a, 512KB ChipRAM